Author(s): Bosman WM, Borger van der Burg BL, Schuttevaer HM, Thoma S, Hedeman Joosten PP
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to present a case of an infected bare metal stent in the left common iliac artery that was removed by an urgent operation, and to review the literature on diagnosis and outcome of infected coronary and non-coronary metal stents. METHODS: A systematic search of the Medline database was performed with the purpose of identifying risk factors, signs and symptoms, imaging strategies, and treatment modalities of bare metal stent infections, both coronary and peripheral. RESULTS: In total, 76 additional studies/case reports (48 non-coronary; 29 coronary) were included and analyzed. Intravascular bare metal stent infections are a rare but serious complication, often leading to emergency surgery (overall: 75.3\%; non-coronary cases: 83.3\%; coronary cases: 62.1\%). In 25.0\% of the non-coronary cases, infection led to amputation of an extremity or removal of viscera. Reported mortality was up to 32.5\% of the cases (non-coronary: 22.9\%; coronary 48.3\%). Physicians should always be suspicious of a stent infection when patients present with aspecific symptoms such as fever and chills after stent placement. Additional imaging can be used to detect the presence of a pseudoaneurysm. A PET-CT is an ideal medium for identification of a stent infection. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular stent infection is associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Surgery is the preferred treatment option, but not always possible, especially in patients with a coronary stent. In selected cases, bare metal stent infections may be prevented by the use of prophylactic antibiotics at stent placement. Copyright © 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology