Author(s): Terv AN, Gissler M, Hemminki E, Luoto R
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in the use of infertility treatments by time, the causes of infertility, lifetime prevalence of subfertility, and the use of infertility treatments by socio-demographic factors. STUDY DESIGN: Aggregate IVF statistics (1992-2004) and two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys (1997 and 2002). RESULTS: Total number of IVF, ICSI and FET treatments initiated more than tripled between 1992 and 2004. The proportion of tubal injury as a cause of infertility treatment decreased over time while other female factors, male factor and multiple causes became more common. Self-reported lifetime subfertility was 16.0\% in 2002 among women aged 25-64 years. Subfertility differed notably by age and education: young less educated women and older more educated women more frequently reported subfertility. Use of hormone therapy to treat subfertility (1997 and 2002) and participation in infertility treatments or medical examinations (2002) was more common among urban, highly educated and affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: The use of infertility treatments increased and the proportions of causes of infertility have changed over time. Self-reported subfertility differed by age and education. There are socio-demographic differences in the use of infertility treatments.
This article was published in Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy