alexa Inflammation and cancer.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Eir N, Vizoso FJ

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There is evidence supporting the hypothesis that inflammation participates in providing conditions that lead to cancer. An unresolved inflammation due to any failure in the precise control of the immune response can continue to perturb the cellular microenvironment, thereby leading to alterations in cancer-related genes and posttranslational modification in crucial cellular proteins involved in the cell cycle, DNA repair and apoptosis. In addition, there are data indicating that inflammatory cells and immunomodulatory mediators present in the tumor microenvironment influence tumor progression and metastasis. Historically, tumor-infiltrating leukocytes have been considered to be manifestations of an intrinsic defence mechanism against developing tumors. However, increasing evidence indicates that leukocyte infiltration can promote tumor phenotypes, such as angiogenesis, growth and invasion. This may be due to inflammatory cells that probably can influence cancer promotion by secreting cytokines, growth factors, chemokines and proteases, which stimulate proliferation and invasiveness of cancer cells. Consequently, events and molecules implicated in this cross talk between the tumor microenvironment and inflammatory process may emerge as attractive targets in anticancer therapeutic interventions with significant clinical impact.

This article was published in World J Gastrointest Surg and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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