Author(s): Darin N, Kroksmark AK, Ahlander AC, Moslemi AR, Oldfors A,
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Abstract Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) type 2I, caused by mutations in the fukutin-related protein gene (FKRP), is one of the most common forms of LGMD in childhood. We describe two patients with LGMD2I and a Duchenne-like phenotype. In addition to the common L276I mutation, both patients had a new mutation in FKRP, L169P and P89L, respectively. Clinical onset was triggered by viral upper respiratory tract infections. In addition to the common dystrophic pattern with a weak immune histochemical staining for alpha-dystroglycan, muscle biopsy showed inflammatory changes. This was especially striking in one of the patients with up-regulation of MHC class 1 antigen, suggestive of myositis. Both patients showed a good clinical response to treatment with prednisolone, which was initiated at daily dosage of 0.35 mg/kg/day. Our results provide evidence for an inflammatory involvement in the pathological expression of LGMD2I and open up the possibility that this disorder could be treatable with corticosteroids.
This article was published in Eur J Paediatr Neurol
and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics