Author(s): Talukder JR, Boyd B, Griffin A, Jaima A, Rajendran VM
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Abstract Glutamine (Gln), a preferred fuel source for enterocytes, is critical for intestinal epithelial cell integrity and barrier function. Chronic enteritis inhibits apical Na(+)-Gln cotransport. It is not known whether inflammatory cytokines that are secreted during inflammation inhibit Na(+)-Gln cotransport. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether TNF-α would affect apical Na(+)-Gln cotransport in intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, the presence of Na(+)-Gln cotransport was established by measuring Gln uptake in 10 days postconfluent IEC-6 cells grown on transwell plates. Cation, amino acid specificity, and siRNA transfection studies established that Na(+)-Gln cotransport is mediated via B(0)AT1. Immunoblotting and immunofluorescence studies established the apical membrane localization of B(0)AT1 in IEC-6 cells. Tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibited Na(+)-Gln cotransport in a concentration- and time-dependent manner with an inhibitory concentration of 1.53 nmol·L(-1). Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analyses indicated that TNF-α did not alter B(0)AT1-specific transcripts or protein expression level. Kinetic studies revealed that TNF-α inhibited Na(+)-Gln cotransport by reducing the affinity of the cotransporters for Gln, and this effect was antagonized by genistein. Thus, we conclude that the TNF-α inhibition of Na(+)-Gln cotransport occurs at the post-translational level, and that the IEC-6 cell line is an excellent system to study the role of cytokines in Na(+)-Gln cotransport.
This article was published in Can J Physiol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System