alexa Inflammatory mediators alter interleukin-17 receptor, interleukin-12 and -23 expression in human osteoarthritic and rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts: immunomodulation by vasoactive intestinal Peptide


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Author(s): Carrin M, PrezGarca S, Jimeno R, Juarranz Y, Gonzlezlvaro I

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AIMS: To assess the contribution of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) to the inflammatory joint microenvironment under different pathogenic stimuli and their potential to respond to interleukin (IL)-17 and to determine whether the neuroimmunomodulatory vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is able to modulate IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) and related cytokines. METHODS: The effect of proinflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and IL-17] and Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands [poly(I:C) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] on IL-17R expression and IL-12 and IL-23 production was studied in osteoarthritis (OA)- and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-FLS, involved in Th1/Th17 differentiation. The effect of VIP was also determined. IL-17RA, IL-17RC, IL-12p35 and IL-23p19 expression was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction. IL-12 and IL-23 protein levels were measured by ELISA in supernatant cultures. RESULTS: TNFα, LPS and poly(I:C) induced an increase in IL-17RA in RA-FLS, whereas TNFα, TNFα plus IL-17 and poly(I:C) enhanced IL-17RC transcripts in FLS. VIP diminished the upregulated expression of IL-17RA in RA-FLS following TNFα and poly(I:C). TNFα, LPS and poly(I:C) increased IL-12 and IL-23 levels in cells derived from patients presenting both pathologies. However, IL-17A DECREASED IL-12 AND AUGMENTED IL-23. VIP DECREASED IL-12P35 MRNA UPREGULATION BY POLY(I:C) AND IL-23P19 TRANSCRIPTS IN LPS-TREATED FLS. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory cytokines and TLR ligands modulate IL-17R, IL-12 and IL-23 possibly favoring the cross talk between FLS and Th1/Th17 cells. The ability of VIP to counteract the enhancing effect of proinflammatory molecules on IL-17R and the IL-12 family of cytokines corroborates and amplifies the beneficial effect of this endogenous neuroimmunopeptide in rheumatic diseases.

This article was published in Neuroimmunomodulation. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

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