Author(s): Mangino G, Chiantore MV, Iuliano M, Fiorucci G, Romeo G
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Abstract More than 15\% of the global cancer burden is attributable to infectious agents. Pathogens that cause persistent infections are strongly associated with cancer, inflammation being a major component of the chronic infections as revealed by basic, clinical and epidemiological studies. Persistent infection and viral oncoproteins induce specific cellular pathways modifications that promote tumorigenesis. Deregulated and continuous immune response leads to severe tissue and systemic damage, impaired tumor surveillance and consequent carcinogenesis promotion by selecting for metastatic and therapeutically resistant tumor phenotypes. In this review, the role of inflammatory microenvironment in the HPV-induced carcinogenesis is addressed, with a specific focus on the involvement of the immune molecules and microRNAs as well as their delivery through the microvesicle cargo. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cytokine Growth Factor Rev
and referenced in Journal of HPV and Cervical Cancer