Author(s): Holmes DC, Loftus JT
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Abstract The present study examined the influence of bone quality on the transmission of occlusal forces for endosseous dental implants. Employing the finite element method, the study modeled a 3.75 x 10-mm threaded implant placed in a 12 x 11 x 8-mm section of bone. By varying the elastic parameters assigned to the bone elements, four bone quality categories were established. A load of 100 N was applied at the occlusal surface of the restoration at a 30 degrees angle to the vertical axis of the implant. Maximum von Mises stress concentrations (sigma Emax) were observed to be located in the marginal bone at the coronal aspect of the implant fixture in all four cases. Values of sigma Emax were 13.7 MPa for type 1 bone, 15.8 MPa for type 2 bone, 20.1 MPa for type 3 bone, and 26.5 MPa for type 4 bone. Magnitude of the stresses in bone was strongly correlated (r = 0.997) with computed displacement of the implant system. This analysis predicts that placement of implants in bone with greater thickness of the cortical shell and greater density of the core will result in less micromovement and reduced stress concentration, thereby increasing the likelihood of fixture stabilization and tissue integration.
This article was published in J Oral Implantol
and referenced in OMICS Journal of Radiology