Author(s): RaiskaGiezek T, RaiskaGiezek T
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Abstract The aim of this study was an experimental assessment of the influence of caffeine on the symptoms of the toxic action of paracentamol in mice as well as a detailed analysis if paracetamol pharmacokinetics in men receiving caffeine at the same time. The toxicologic investigations were performed in 620 Swiss mice. The LD50 and LD100 were determined after an administration of paracetamol intraperitoneally. The effects of two doses of caffeine on the survival time and number of animal deaths were investigated. The degree of hepatic damage was assessed on the basis of biochemical serum criteria, i.e. alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and concentration of bilirubin in serum, as well as on the basis of biochemical investigations of liver homogenates, estimating the concentration of reduced glutathione and P-450 cytochrome in the liver. The anatomicopathologic liver evaluation was also performed, including histological and histopathological examinations (glycogen, lipids). The pharmacological investigations were performed in 9 healthy volunteers in two randomized subgroups with the use of a cross-over method twice at one week intervals. The blood paracetamol level was determined according to the method of Thoma et al. The course of changes of paracetamol plasma levels was described with a one-compartment model for extravascular administration of the drug. The biexponential equation, describing the assumed model, was solved with the method of the smaller squares, using non-linear approximation. (Tab 1-6, Fig. 1-3). The experimental studies demonstrated a decrease in both the acute toxicity and hepatotoxic action of paracetamol administered in combination with caffeine, which was indicated by a significant decrease in aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activity and in concentration of bilirubin as well as by an increase in the concentration of P-450 cytochrome and GSH in the liver which decreased after administration of paracetamol alone and also by limitation or lack of hepatic necrosis. The pharmacokinetic calculations in men demonstrated an interaction between paracetamol and caffeine which was indicated by a decrease in plasma paracetamol levels, by a smaller surface under the curve of changes of paracetamol levels indicating faster elimination of the drug after simultaneous administration with caffeine. Therefore, paracetamol preparations with caffeine may be less toxic than paracetamol alone.
This article was published in Ann Acad Med Stetin
and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology