alexa Influence of calcium ions on the mechanical properties of a model biofilm of mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Krstgens V, Flemming HC, Wingender J, Borchard W

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mechanical properties of biofilms and in particular their mechanical strength is of great importance for both biofilm reactors and for the removal of undesired biofilms as in cases of biofouling and biocorrosion. By uniaxial compression measurements, it is possible to determine the apparent elastic or Young's modulus and the yield stress as parameters for mechanical stability. This was performed with a recently developed device, using model biofilms of mucoid strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa SG81. The biofilms were grown on membrane filters placed on nutrient agar medium with different concentrations of calcium ions. The compressive stress-strain behaviour up to failure was recorded at a compression speed of 1 micron s-1. The apparent Young's modulus, representing the stiffness of the biofilm, and the yield stress obtained from the stress--strain diagram were used for the description of mechanical properties of biofilms. A certain critical concentration of calcium ions was found where the Young's modulus of the P. aeruginosa biofilms increases strongly and subsequently remains constant for higher calcium concentrations. This behaviour is explained by the presence of calcium ions crosslinking alginate, which is the major component of the extracellular polymeric substances produced by the mucoid P. aeruginosa strain used in this investigation.
This article was published in Water Sci Technol and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords