Author(s): Krausgrill B, Vantler M, Burst V, Raths M, Halbach M,
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Abstract Bone marrow cells are used for cell therapy after myocardial infarction (MI) with promising results. However, cardiac persistence of transplanted cells is rather low. Here, we investigated strategies to increase the survival and cardiac persistence of mononuclear (MNC) and mesenchymal (MSC) bone marrow cells transplanted into infarcted rat hearts. MNC and MSC (male Fischer 344 rats) were treated with different doses of PDGF-BB prior to intramyocardial injection into border zone of MI (syngeneic females, permanent LAD ligation) and hearts were harvested after 5 days and 3 weeks. In additional experiments, untreated MNC and MSC were injected immediately after permanent or temporary LAD ligation and hearts were harvested after 48 h, 5 days, 3 weeks, and 6 weeks. DNA of the hearts was isolated and the number of donor cells was determined by quantitative real-time PCR with Y chromosome-specific primers. There was a remarkable though not statistically significant (p = 0.08) cell loss of approximately 46\% between 5 days and 3 weeks in the control group, which was completely inhibited by treatment with high dose of PDGF-BB. Forty-eight hours after reperfusion only 10\% of injected MSC or 1\% for MNC were found in the heart, decreasing to 1\% for MSC and 0.5\% for MNC after 6 weeks. These numbers were lower than after permanent LAD ligation for both MNC and MSC at all time points studied. Treatment with PDGF-BB seems to prevent loss of transplanted bone marrow cells at later times presumably by inhibition of apoptosis, while reperfusion of the occluded artery enhances cell loss at early times putatively due to enhanced early wash-out. Further investigations are needed to substantially improve the persistence and survival of grafted bone marrow cells in infarcted rat hearts, in order to fully explore the therapeutic potential of this novel treatment modality for myocardial repair.
This article was published in Cell Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy