alexa Influence of comedication on serum concentrations of aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Waade RB, Christensen H, Rudberg I, Refsum H, Hermann M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Aripiprazole, a relatively new antipsychotic drug, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and CYP2D6 to an active metabolite, dehydroaripiprazole. As studies on pharmacokinetic drug interactions with aripiprazole are so far limited, the aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of comedication on serum concentrations of aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole in psychiatric patients in a clinical setting. A therapeutic drug monitoring database was screened for patients receiving aripiprazole tablets as part of their treatment. Of the 361 samples included, 78\% were from patients receiving comedication. The remaining 79 samples constituted the control group. Steady-state dose-adjusted serum concentrations (concentration to dose ratios, C:D ratios) of aripiprazole, dehydroaripiprazole and the sum of aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole, and the metabolic ratio (dehydroaripiprazole/aripiprazole) in the different comedication groups were compared with controls. Coadministration of a CYP3A4 inducer resulted in approximately 60\% lower mean C:D ratios of aripiprazole, dehydroaripiprazole, and the sum of aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.01, respectively). Combination with a CYP2D6 inhibitor resulted in a 45\% higher mean C:D ratio of aripiprazole (P < 0.05), with no effect on the C:D ratio of dehydroaripiprazole. When aripiprazole was coadministered with alimemazine or lithium, a 56\% (P < 0.01) and 43\% (P = 0.05) higher mean C:D ratio of aripiprazole, respectively, was observed. Olanzapine, risperidone injections, escitalopram, or lamotrigine also had statistically significant effects on aripiprazole disposition but to a lesser extent. In conclusion, concurrent treatment with CYP3A4 inducers, CYP2D6 inhibitors, alimemazine, or lithium resulted in changes in the systemic exposure of aripiprazole between 40\% and 60\%. This is of such a magnitude that dose adjustments of aripiprazole may be required. This article was published in Ther Drug Monit and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords