alexa Influence of Cremophor EL on the quantification of paclitaxel in plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography with solid-phase extraction as sample pretreatment.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Huizing MT, Rosing H, Koopmans FP, Beijnen JH

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Abstract For the quantitative determination of paclitaxel in human plasma reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods with solid-phase extraction (SPE) as sample pretreatment procedure are frequently used. Recovery problems arose during the quantification of paclitaxel in plasma samples of patients. The major problems were a large batch-to-batch difference in performance of the SPE columns and the effects of the pharmaceutical vehicle Cremophor EL on the performance of the SPE. Cremophor EL concentrations exceeding 1.0\% (v/v) had a great impact on the absolute recovery of paclitaxel from human plasma with the SPE procedure. The recoveries decreased approximately 10 to 40\% depending on the quality of the batch SPE columns. The problems are avoided by using 2'-methylpaclitaxel as the internal standard. This study points out the importance of including the effects of a pharmaceutical vehicle, like Cremophor EL, in the validation programme of a bioanalytical assay and the use of an internal standard in HPLC paclitaxel assays preceded by SPE as sample pretreatment procedure.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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