Author(s): Singh O, Sandanaraj E, Subramanian K, Lee LH, Chowbay B
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Abstract Warfarin exhibits wide interpatient variability in dosing requirements. Recent studies have shown a novel polymorphism (rs2108622, V433M) in the CYP4F2 gene to be associated with variability in warfarin requirements in Caucasians. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of rs2108622 on warfarin dose requirements in the Asian population. The mean warfarin dose was found to be significantly lower in patients carrying homozygous wild-type allele CC when compared with patients carrying variant alleles CT and TT (CC vs CT+TT: 3.0 mg/day vs 3.75 mg/day, p = 0.033). In patients harboring VKORC1 diplotypes associated with low warfarin requirements, a linear regression model which included age, weight, CYP2C9 and CYP4F2 variants accounted for 38\% of the variability in warfarin dose. Approximately 11\% of the dose variation was explained by CYP4F2 rs2108622 (p = 0.004). The influence of rs2108622 in patients harboring VKORC1 diplotypes associated with high warfarin requirements was not significant. This study suggests that CYP4F2 rs2108622 may significantly affect warfarin dose requirements in carriers of VKORC1 low-dose-associated diplotypes.
This article was published in Drug Metab Pharmacokinet
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics