alexa Influence of dietary components on the gastrointestinal metabolism and transport of drugs.


Advances in Robotics & Automation

Author(s): Evans AM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is widespread recognition that the ingestion of a meal is associated with a number of physiologic changes (gastric pH, gastric emptying, hepatic blood flow, etc.) that can significantly alter the rate and extent of drug absorption. It is also well recognized that the components of food can alter drug absorption through alterations in drug solubility. The nutritional status of a patient can also contribute to variability in the pharmacokinetics of certain drugs. The more recent finding that grapefruit juice can increase the bioavailability of certain drugs, by reducing presystemic intestinal metabolism, has led to renewed interest in the area of 'food-drug interactions.' Particular interest has focused on the effects of the grapefruit flavonoid, naringin, and the furanocoumarin, 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin, on the activity of intestinal CYP3A4. The possibility that grapefruit juice might affect drug absorption via an interaction with intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is also being explored. The growing use of herbal extracts and phytopharmaceuticals raises a new challenge-will the use of these products cause changes in the pharmacokinetics of 'conventional' drugs? As a case in point, consider the phytoestrogenic isoflavones, which are being promoted for a number of health benefits. Isoflavones such as genistein and daidzein can inhibit oxidative and conjugative metabolism in vitro and interact with transporters such as P-gp and the canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter. Given that P-gp and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter are involved in the intestinal absorption and biliary excretion of a wide range of drugs and metabolites, it is reasonable to suspect that isoflavones may alter drug disposition in humans. However, this possibility has not been explored.
This article was published in Ther Drug Monit and referenced in Advances in Robotics & Automation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version