alexa Influence of injury severity on the rate and magnitude of the T lymphocyte and neuronal response to facial nerve axotomy.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Ha GK, Parikh S, Huang Z, Petitto JM

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Abstract The temporal relationship between severity of peripheral axonal injury and T lymphocyte trafficking to the neuronal cell bodies of origin in the brain has been unclear. We sought to test the hypothesis that greater neuronal death induced by disparate forms of peripheral nerve injury would result in differential patterns of T cell infiltration and duration at the cell bodies of origin in the brain and that these measures would correlate with the magnitude of neuronal death over time and cumulative neuronal loss. To test this hypothesis, we compared the time course of CD3(+) T cell infiltration and neuronal death (assessed by CD11b(+) perineuronal microglial phagocytic clusters) following axonal crush versus axonal resection injuries, two extreme variations of facial nerve axotomy that result in mild versus severe neuronal loss, respectively, in the facial motor nucleus. We also quantified the number of facial motor neurons present at 49 days post-injury to determine whether differences in the levels of neuronal death between nerve crush and resection correlated with differences in cumulative neuronal loss. Between 1 and 7 days post-injury when levels of neuronal death were minimal, we found that the rate of accumulation and magnitude of the T cell response was similar following nerve crush and resection. Differences in the T cell response were apparent by 14 days post-injury when the level of neuronal death following resection was substantially greater than that seen in crush injury. For nerve resection, the peak of neuronal death at 14 days post-resection was followed by a maximal T cell response one week later at 21 days. Differences in the level of neuronal death between the two injuries across the time course tested reflected differences in cumulative neuronal loss at 49 days post-injury. Altogether, these data suggest that the trafficking of T cells to the injured FMN is dependent upon the severity of peripheral nerve injury and associated neuronal death.
This article was published in J Neuroimmunol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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