Author(s): Ghosh C, Shinde CP, Chakraborty BS
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Abstract Glycerophosphocholines (GPChos) are known to cause matrix ionization effects during the analysis of biological samples (i.e. plasma, urine, etc.) in LC-MS/MS. In general, such matrix effect is directly related to an insufficient sample clean-up of the biofluids. In addition to GPCho; design of ionization source and/or LC also plays a very important role in matrix effects. In this research paper, different types of matrix effects, i.e. ion suppression or enhancement were observed in differently designed ion sources coupled with different LCs, from the same molecule, acamprosate (ACM), under the same chromatographic conditions. ACM was analyzed in a negative polarity in electrospray ionization interface using Z-spray and orthogonal spray ion source design. The analyte showed almost complete ion suppression in the Z-spray ionization source coupled with UPLC/HPLC, whereas there was very little ion enhancement in the orthogonal spray ionization source coupled with HPLC. In both the cases different GPChos were responsible, as evident from the presence of m/z 815.4 in Z-spray ion source and m/z 759.0 in orthogonal spray ion source. Hence, this approach can be used to evaluate the matrix effects in plasma samples during development and validation of LC-MS/MS method of drugs and their metabolites in different biological matrixes. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques