Author(s): Cohen SL, Chait BT
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Abstract Sample-matrix preparation procedures are shown to greatly influence the quality of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectra of peptides and proteins. In particular, dramatic mass discrimination effects are observed when the matrix 4-hydroxy-alpha-cyanocinnamic acid is used for analyzing complex mixtures of peptides and proteins. The discrimination effects are found to be strongly dependent on the sample-matrix solution composition, pH, and the rates at which the sample-matrix cocrystals are grown. These findings demonstrate the need to exercise great care in performing and interpreting the MALDI analysis of biological samples. The results also indicate that there is a reverse-phase chromatographic-like dimension in the sample-matrix preparation procedures that can be exploited to optimize the analysis. The present work describes the conditions under which the majority of components of a complex mixture of peptides and proteins can be successfully measured.
This article was published in Anal Chem
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques