alexa Influence of MECP2 gene mutation and X-chromosome inactivation on the Rett syndrome phenotype.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Human Genetics & Embryology

Author(s): Chae JH, Hwang H, Hwang YS, Cheong HJ, Kim KJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To date, approximately 200 different mutations in the MECP2 gene have been identified. We analyzed the entire coding sequence of the MECP2 gene and the X-chromosome inactivation pattern in 42 sporadic cases of Rett syndrome. Of the 42 patients, 30 had pathogenic mutations, including 14 different mutations: 9 missense mutations, 4 nonsense mutations, and 1 frameshift mutation. One was a novel mutation (S134P). There was a tendency for patients who had a nonsense mutation in the transcriptional repression domain region to show earlier onset of regression and more severe language retardation than patients with a mutation in the methyl-CpG binding domain region. However, the parameters of clinical severity were variable among patients with the same type of mutation, depending on the pattern of X-chromosome inactivation. This study suggests that the X-chromosome inactivation pattern can modify the phenotype of Rett syndrome, which is primarily determined by the type and site of MECP2 gene mutation.
This article was published in J Child Neurol and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version