Author(s): Ventura CA, Tommasini S, Falcone A, Giannone I, Paolino D,
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Abstract We evaluated the ability of two modified cyclodextrins, hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-Cyd) and 2,6-di-O-methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (DM-beta-Cyd), to influence the percutaneous absorption through isolated human stratum corneum and epidermis (SCE) of celecoxib (CCB). Previous studies demonstrated that DM-beta-Cyd includes the drug, producing a significant increase of water solubility (0.5 mg/ml at 25 degrees C) and dissolution rate of CCB. In this work chemical-physical characterization studies were performed to evaluate the ability of HP-beta-Cyd to include CCB. We showed that only an external interaction could exist between CCB and HP-beta-Cyd that positively influences the water solubility of the drug (0.12 mg/ml at 25 degrees C for CCB-HP-beta-CyD system and 4.12 x 10(-3) mg/ml at 25 degrees C for free CCB). In vitro percutaneous experiments were performed using samples in solution and in suspension containing different Cyd concentrations. Both HP-beta-Cyd and DM-beta-Cyd enhanced drug flux through SCE by means of an increase of dissolution rate of the drug as well as a direct action on the stratum corneum (SC). Histological analysis of treated SCE showed a protective effect of the two Cyds towards an invasive action shown by CCB on SC.
This article was published in Int J Pharm
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry