alexa Influence of pharmacogenetics on indinavir disposition and short-term response in HIV patients initiating HAART.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Bertrand J, Treluyer JM, Panhard X, Tran A, Auleley S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: To assess the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and indinavir pharmacokinetic variability and to study the link between concentrations and short-term response or metabolic safety. METHODS: Forty protease inhibitor-naive patients initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) including indinavir/ritonavir and enrolled in the COPHAR 2-ANRS 111 trial were studied. At week 2, four blood samples were taken before and up to 6 h following drug intake. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed using the stochastic approximation expectation maximization (SAEM) algorithm implemented in MONOLIX software. The area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) and maximum (C(max)) and trough concentrations (C(trough)) of indinavir were derived from the population model and tested for their correlation with short-term viral response and safety measurements, while for ritonavir, these same three parameters were tested for their correlation with short-term biochemical safety RESULTS: A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination best described both indinavir and ritonavir concentrations. For indinavir, the estimated clearance and volume of distribution were 22.2 L/h and 97.3 L, respectively. The eight patients with the *1B/*1B genotype for the CYP3A4 gene showed a 70\% decrease in absorption compared to those with the *1A/*1B or *1A/*1A genotypes (0.5 vs. 2.1, P = 0.04, likelihood ratio test by permutation). The indinavir AUC and C(trough) were positively correlated with the decrease in human immunodeficiency virus RNA between week 0 and week 2 (r = 0.4, P = 0.03 and r = -0.4, P = 0.03, respectively). Patients with the *1B/*1B genotype also had a significantly lower indinavir C(max) (median 3.6, range 2.1-5.2 ng/mL) than those with the *1A/*1B or *1A/*1A genotypes (median 4.4, range 2.2-8.3 ng/mL) (P = 0.04) and a lower increase in triglycerides during the first 4 weeks of treatment (median 0.1, range -0.7 to 1.4 vs. median 0.6, range -0.5 to 1.7 mmol/L, respectively; P = 0.02). For ritonavir, the estimated clearance and volume of distribution were 8.3 L/h and 60.7 L, respectively, and concentrations were not found to be correlated to biochemical safety. Indinavir and ritonavir absorption rate constants were found to be correlated, as well as their apparent volumes of distribution and clearances, indicating correlated bioavailability of the two drugs. CONCLUSION: The CYP3A4*1B polymorphism was found to influence the pharmacokinetics of indinavir and, to some extent, the biochemical safety of indinavir.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords