alexa Influence of sensory inputs on standing balance in community-dwelling elders with a recent history of falling.
Medicine

Medicine

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Author(s): Anacker SL, Di Fabio RP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Vision and/or ankle somatosensory inputs often do not correlate with the position of the center of gravity. In this case, visual or somatosensory information may be in conflict with other sensory systems that convey a true sense of body orientation. The purpose of this study was to determine how conflicting visual and ankle somatosensory inputs influenced standing balance in elders with a history of falls. Forty-seven community-dwelling elders (8 male, 39 female), between 65 and 96 years of age (mean = 80.5, SD = 9.0), participated in this project. Subjects with two or more falls in the 6 months prior to study were assigned to a fall group (n = 16), whereas those with no history of falling during the same time interval were assigned to a no-fall group (n = 31). In order to remove any bias in the testing procedure, the tester was not aware of group assignments. Subjects were evaluated using a sensory organization test (SOT) for standing balance and a "Get Up and Go" test (GUGT) for general mobility. Analysis of covariance was used to evaluate the SOT scores (by group, vision, and surface condition) and the GUGT scores. Body sway is known to increase with the normal aging process, and for this reason, age was selected as a covariate. The association between the SOT total score and the GUGT score was evaluated using Spearman rank-order correlation coefficients. The results showed a significant interaction between group and surface conditions, which indicated a decreased stance duration for fallers on a compliant surface compared with the stance duration for nonfallers (adjusted mean faller stance duration = 53 seconds, SD = 42; mean nonfaller stance duration = 67 seconds, SD = 32). Subjects in the fall group also had significantly higher GUGT scores (which indicated poor mobility function) than did subjects in the nonfall group (adjusted mean faller GUGT score = 2.65, SD = 1.48; mean nonfaller GUGT score = 1.47, SD = 0.77). The Spearman correlation between total SOT scores and the GUGT scores was greater for fallers (r = -.67) than for nonfallers (r = -.44). Orientation input from the ankle appears to have greater importance for preventing falls compared with a visual reference. The SOT and GUGT may be useful in the field to establish criteria for screening elders in a fall-prevention program.
This article was published in Phys Ther and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords