Author(s): Fountain KJ, Xu J, Diehl DM, Morrison D
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Abstract A comprehensive retention and selectivity characterization of several hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) stationary phases was performed with 28 test probes in order to study the influence of particle type, surface chemistry, and mobile-phase pH on chromatographic retention, selectivity, and MS response. Selectivity differences were compared for columns operated at both low and high pH, while ESI-MS was used to study the effects of mobile-phase pH on signal response. Additionally, acetone was explored as a potential alternative to ACN as the weak HILIC solvent. Moderate differences in selectivity were observed on the same column operated at different pH, mostly due to acidic compounds. In addition, the MS response increased when a high pH mobile phase was used, particularly for analytes that were ionized with negative ESI-MS. Even larger selectivity differences were observed for different stationary phases evaluated with the same mobile phase. Acetone was not a suitable replacement for ACN in routine HILIC separations due to differences in selectivity and MS response. Finally, the data from this study were used to establish guidelines for rapid HILIC method development of polar compounds, which is demonstrated with a mixture of histidine dipeptides and organophosphonate nerve agent metabolites.
This article was published in J Sep Sci
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques