alexa Influence of steep Trendelenburg position and CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory homeostasis during robotic prostatectomy.


Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

Author(s): Kalmar AF, Foubert L, Hendrickx JF, Mottrie A, Absalom A,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The steep (40 degrees ) Trendelenburg position optimizes surgical exposure during robotic prostatectomy. The goal of the current study was to investigate the combined effect of this position and CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory homeostasis during these procedures. METHODS: Physiological data were recorded during the whole surgical procedure in 31 consecutive patients who underwent robotic endoscopic radical prostatectomy under general anaesthesia. Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, Sp(o(2)), Pe'(co(2)), P(Plat), tidal volume, compliance, and minute ventilation were monitored and recorded. Arterial samples were obtained to determine the arterial-to-end-tidal CO(2) tension gradient. Continuous regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (Sct(o(2))) was determined by near-infrared spectroscopy. RESULTS: Although patients were in the Trendelenburg position, all variables investigated remained within a clinically acceptable range. Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) decreased from 77 mm Hg at baseline to 71 mm Hg (P=0.07), and Sct(o(2)) increased from 70\% to 73\% (P<0.001). Pe'(co(2)) increased from 4.12 to 4.79 kPa (P<0.001) and the arterial-to-Pe'(co(2)) tension difference increased from 1.06 kPa in the normal position to a maximum of 1.41 kPa (P<0.001) after 2 h in the Trendelenburg position. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of the prolonged steep Trendelenburg position and CO(2) pneumoperitoneum was well tolerated. Haemodynamic and pulmonary variables remained within safe limits. Regional cerebral oxygenation was well preserved and CPP remained within the limits between which cerebral blood flow is usually considered to be maintained by cerebral autoregulation. This article was published in Br J Anaesth and referenced in Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

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