alexa Influence of substrate temperature on electrical and optical properties of p-type semitransparent conductive nickel oxide thin films deposited by radio frequency sputtering.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Research & Reviews: Journal of Material Sciences

Author(s): Lei Ai, Guojia Fang, Longyan Yuan, Nishuang Liu, Mingjun Wang

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Nickel oxide thin films were deposited on fused silica and Si(1 0 0) substrates at different substrate temperatures ranging from room temperature to 400 °C using radio frequency reactive magnetron sputtering from a Ni metal target in a mixture of O2 and Ar. With the increase of substrate temperature, nickel oxide films deposited on the Si substrates exhibit transition from amorphous to poly-crystalline structures with different preferred orientations of NiO(2 0 0) and (1 1 1). The films deposited at higher temperature exhibit higher Ni2+/Ni3+ ratio. With substrate temperature increasing from room temperature to 400 °C, the electrical resistivities of nickel oxide films increase from (2.8 ± 0.1) × 10−2 to (8.7 ± 0.1) Ω cm, and the optical band-gap energies increase from 3.65 to 3.88 eV. A p-nickel oxide/n-zinc oxide heterojunction was fabricated to confirm the p-type conduction of nickel oxide thin film, which exhibited a steadily rectifying behavior.

This article was published in Appl Surf Sci and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Material Sciences

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