alexa Influence of temperature fluctuations on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in cow manure.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Advances in Crop Science and Technology

Author(s): Semenov AV, van Bruggen AH, van Overbeek L, Termorshuizen AJ, Semenov AM

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Abstract The effects of four average temperatures (7, 16, 23 and 33 degrees C) and daily oscillations with three amplitudes (0, +/-4, +/-7 degrees C) on the survival of the enteropathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella serovar Typhimurium were investigated in small microcosms. Manure was inoculated with a green fluorescent protein transformed strain of either pathogen at 10(7) cells g(-1) dry weight. Samples were collected immediately after inoculation, and 1 and 2 weeks after inoculation for E. coli O157:H7, and immediately and after 2 and 3 weeks for Salmonella serovar Typhimurium. Population densities were determined by dilution plating and direct counting. In addition, total bacterial CFUs were determined. Growth and survival data were fitted to a modified logistic model. Analysis of the estimated parameter values showed that E. coli O157:H7 survived for shorter periods of time and was more sensitive to competition by the native microbial community than Salmonella serovar Typhimurium. Survival of both pathogens significantly declined with increasing mean temperatures and with increasing amplitude in daily temperature oscillations. The results indicated that responses of enteropathogens to fluctuating temperatures cannot be deduced from temperature relationships determined under constant temperatures. This article was published in FEMS Microbiol Ecol and referenced in Advances in Crop Science and Technology

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