Author(s): HerreraRangel AB, ArandaMoreno C, MantillaOchoa T, ZainosSaucedo L, JureguiRenaud K
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Abstract To assess the influence of the body mass index (BMI) on the occurrence of falls in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, receiving primary health care. We collected data from 134 patients (56.7±9.4 y.o.), none of them were seeking medical care due to sensory or balance decline. During the first evaluation, they reported falls, replied to a questionnaire of symptoms related to balance and had a sensory evaluation. After a 6 months follow-up, they reported falls again and, according to the occurrence of falls during the preceding year, patients were classified in 2 groups: no falls (N=92) and falls (N=42). The occurrence of falls was related to BMI, gender and age. Compared to patients with no falls, patients with falls had a greater BMI and comprised a higher proportion of patients with a BMI ≥35; patients with a BMI ≥35 were younger than patients with a BMI <35. A total symptom score ≥4 allowed the classification of 77.7\% of the patients with falls and 59.5\% with no falls. In adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a BMI ≥35 may have an influence on balance and the occurrence of falls, which might be independent from aging. Patients should be aware of this risk and receive counsel on modifiable risk factors. Copyright © 2015 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Obes Res Clin Pract
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy