Author(s): Looman AC, Kuivenhoven JA
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Abstract By introducing synthetic oligonucleotides into a lacZ-yeast expression vector a set of 47 plasmids (out of 64 possible) was generated, differing only in the three bases immediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon of the Escherichia coli lacZ gene. Expression of the beta-galactosidase fusion protein encoded by the different plasmids was determined in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by immunogel electrophoresis. Among the clones tested we found a factor 3 difference in expression. A slight nucleotide preference was found in positions -3(A > G > C = U) and -2 (G > C = U > A). The choice of the nucleotide at position -1 immediately 5' of the AUG did not effect translation efficiency. Increasing homology to the yeast consensus sequence (AAAAAAAUGUCU) was not concomitant with an increased translation efficiency. Our results indicate that the choice of nucleotides immediately preceding the initiation codon in yeast does not dramatically influence translation efficiency, as in prokaryotes or higher eukaryotes.
This article was published in Nucleic Acids Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation