alexa Influence of verapamil on the pharmacokinetics of the antiparasitic drugs ivermectin and moxidectin in sheep.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Molento MB, Lifschitz A, Sallovitz J, Lanusse C, Prichard R

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Abstract P-Glycoprotein (P-GP) is a transport protein that participates in the mechanism of active secretion of different molecules from the bloodstream to the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the current work was to evaluate the effect of verapamil, a P-GP substrate, on the pharmacokinetic behaviour of the anthelmintics ivermectin and moxidectin in sheep. Thirty-two sheep were divided into four groups and treated orally with either ivermectin or moxidectin alone (200 micro g/kg) or co-administered with verapamil at 3 mg/kg (three times at 12 h intervals). Blood samples were collected over 30 days post-treatment and plasma was analysed to determine ivermectin and moxidectin concentrations by HPLC. The ivermectin peak concentration was significantly higher ( P=0.048) after ivermectin plus verapamil, compared with the ivermectin alone treatment. Ivermectin plasma availability was significantly higher following co-administration ( P=0.022). Verapamil had no effect on the kinetics of moxidectin. The significant alteration in the plasma disposition of ivermectin in sheep induced by verapamil, possibly due to interference with a P-GP-mediated elimination mechanism, may have an important impact on efficacy against resistant- or rate-limiting-parasites and on the persistency of its antiparasitic activity. This article was published in Parasitol Res and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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