alexa Ingredients and contaminants of traditional alcoholic beverages in Tanzania.
Medicine

Medicine

Family Medicine & Medical Science Research

Author(s): Nikander P, Seppl T, Kilonzo GP, Huttunen P, Saarinen L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Home-made but commercially available alcoholic beverages were collected in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and analysed for their congener alcohol, additive, aflatoxin and heavy metal contents. Ethanol concentrations of the 15 brewed samples ranged from 2.2 to 8.5\% w/v whilst the 2 distilled samples contained ethanol 24.2 and 29.3\% w/v. Aflatoxin B1 was found in 9 brewed beverages, suggesting the use of contaminated grain or fruit for their production. The amount of zinc in 4 samples was double the World Health Organization recommended maximum for drinking water (5 mg/litre). One brewed beverage contained toxic amount of manganese (12.8 mg/litre). Both distilled spirits were rich in fusel alcohols and one was fortified by caffeine. The results suggested that impurities and contaminants possibly associated with severe health risks, including carcinogens, are often found in traditional alcoholic beverages. Continuous daily drinking of these beverages is certain to increase health risks. Contaminated grain or fruit rejected from foodstuff production should not be used for the production of alcoholic beverages.
This article was published in Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg and referenced in Family Medicine & Medical Science Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords