Author(s): Tong CH, Draughon FA
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Abstract The effects of antimicrobial food additives on growth and ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus sulphureus NRRL 4077 and Penicillium viridicatum NRRL 3711 were investigated. At pH 4.5, growth and toxin production by both A. sulphureus and P. viridicatum were completely inhibited by 0.02\% potassium sorbate, 0.067\% methyl paraben, 0.0667\% methyl paraben, and 0.2\% sodium propionate. At pH 5.5, 0.134\% potassium sorbate and 0.067\% methyl paraben completely inhibited growth and ochratoxin A production by both fungi. Sodium bisulfite at 0.1\%, the maximum level tested, was found to inhibit growth of A. sulphureus and P. viridicatum by 45 and 89\%, respectively. Toxin production was inhibited by 97 and 99\%, respectively. Sodium propionate (0.64\%) at pH 5.5 inhibited growth of A. sulphureus and P. viridicatum by 76 and 90\%, respectively. Toxin production was inhibited by greater than 99\% for each fungus. Antimicrobial agents were ranked as to effectiveness by comparing the level required for complete inhibition of ochratoxin A production to the highest antimicrobial agent level normally used in food. At pH 4.5, the most effective inhibitor of growth and toxin production was potassium sorbate, followed by sodium propionate, methyl paraben, and sodium bisulfite, respectively, for both fungi. However, at pH 5.5, the most effective antimicrobial agents for inhibiting ochratoxin production were methyl paraben and potassium sorbate, followed by sodium propionate. Sodium bisulfite was not highly inhibitory to these toxigenic fungi at the higher pH value tested.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology