Author(s): Bone R, Cheng YC, Wolfenden R
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Abstract Potential bisubstrate analogs, in which the 5'-hydroxyl group of adenosine was joined to the phosphoryl group acceptor by polyphosphoryl bridges of varying length (ApnX, where n is the number of phosphoryl groups and X is the nucleoside moiety of the acceptor), were tested as inhibitors of human liver adenosine kinase and of thymidylate kinase from peripheral blast cells of patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Adenosine kinase was most strongly inhibited by P1,P4-(diadenosine 5')-tetraphosphate (Kd = 30 nM) and P1,P5-(diadenosine 5')-pentaphosphate (Kd = 73 nM). Thymidylate kinase was most strongly inhibited by P1-(adenosine 5')-P5-(thymidine 5')-pentaphosphate (Kd = 120 nM) and by P1(adenosine 5')-P6-(thymidine 5')-hexaphosphate (Kd = 43 nM). In these enzymes, as in adenylate and thymidylate kinases, strongest inhibition was achieved in compounds containing one or two more phosphoryl groups than the substrates combined. These results support the view that nucleoside and nucleotide kinases mediate direct transfer of phosphoryl groups from ATP to acceptors, rather than acting by a double displacement mechanism.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access