Author(s): Ciolino HP, Yeh GC
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Abstract We investigated the effect of resveratrol, a constituent of the human diet that has been shown to inhibit aryl hydrocarbon-induced carcinogenesis in animals, on the carcinogen activation pathway regulated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Resveratrol inhibited the metabolism of the environmental aryl hydrocarbon benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) catalyzed by microsomes isolated from B[a]P-treated human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Resveratrol competitively inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, the activity of the carcinogen activating enzymes cytochrome P-450 (CYP)1A1/CYP1A2 in microsomes and intact HepG2 cells. Resveratrol inhibited the B[a]P-induced expression of the CYP1A1 gene, as measured at the mRNA and transcriptional levels. Resveratrol abolished the binding of B[a]P-activated nuclear aryl hydrocarbon receptor to the xenobiotic-responsive element of the CYP1A1 promoter but did not itself bind to the receptor. Resveratrol was also effective in inhibiting CYP1A1 transcription induced by the aryl hydrocarbon dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in human mammary carcinoma MCF-7 cells. These data demonstrate that resveratrol inhibits aryl hydrocarbon-induced CYP1A activity in vitro by directly inhibiting CYP1A1/1A2 enzyme activity and by inhibiting the signal transduction pathway that up-regulates the expression of carcinogen activating enzymes. These activities may be an important part of the chemopreventive activity of resveratrol in vivo.
This article was published in Mol Pharmacol
and referenced in Biology and Medicine