Author(s): Paumen MB, Ishida Y, Muramatsu M, Yamamoto M, Honjo T
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Abstract To identify cell death-induced genes, we employed a subtractive hybridization approach and isolated a cDNA encoding a mouse homolog of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I), an enzyme that resides at the outer mitochondrial membrane and facilitates passage of long-chain fatty acids into mitochondria for beta-oxidation. Induced expression of CPT I mRNA was observed upon programmed cell death in the murine hematopoietic cell lines LyD9 and WEHI-231. To elucidate the role of CPT I in programmed cell death, we examined the effects of long-chain fatty acids and found that the addition of palmitate or stearate to cultured cells led to activation of a death program with a morphology resembling that of apoptosis. Other naturally occurring fatty acids, including myristate and palmitoleate, had no effect. Since both palmitate and stearate are sphingolipid precursors, the effect of these fatty acids on sphingolipid metabolism was tested. Our results indicate that apoptosis induced by palmitate or stearate is correlated with de novo synthesis of ceramide. Inhibition of CPT I by etomoxir enhanced palmitate-induced cell death and led to a further increase in ceramide synthesis.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism