Author(s): Chow SK, Chan JY, Fung KP
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Abstract Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) is one of the arsenic compounds found in nature. As(2)O(3) has recently been used to treat patients suffering from retinoic acid receptor (AML). It is of clinical interest to investigate whether As(2)O(3) is also effective in treating solid tumors. Here, we report that As(2)O(3) exhibited inhibitory effects on the proliferation of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The 50\% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of As(2)O(3) in inhibiting proliferation of MCF-7 cells were 8, 1.8, and 1.2 microM upon 1-, 2-, and 3-day treatment, respectively. In elucidating the underlying action mechanisms, the results of experiments concerning DNA fragmentation and externalization indicated that As(2)O(3) exerted its action on MCF-7 cells via apoptosis, whereas the result of flow cytometry also indicated that As(2)O(3) could induce mitochondrial mediated cell-cycle arrest at G(1) phase. Further studies by Western blot analysis indicated that As(2)O(3) regulated apoptosis and the expression of cell-cycle-related proteins as it upregulated p53 protein level and downregulated bcl-2 protein level. Results in present study indicated that As(2)O(3) might also be a good candidate for treating breast cancer.
This article was published in J Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy