alexa Inhibition of c-Src tyrosine kinase prevents angiotensin II-mediated connexin-43 remodeling and sudden cardiac death.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Sovari AA, Iravanian S, Dolmatova E, Jiao Z, Liu H,

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test whether c-Src tyrosine kinase mediates connexin-43 (Cx43) reduction and sudden cardiac death in a transgenic mouse model of cardiac-restricted overexpression of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE8/8 mice). BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin system activation is associated with an increased risk for arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death, but the mechanism is not well understood. The up-regulation of c-Src by angiotensin II may result in the reduction of Cx43, which impairs gap junction function and provides a substrate for arrhythmia. METHODS: Wild-type and ACE8/8 mice with and without treatment with the c-Src inhibitor 1-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (PP1) were studied. Telemetry monitoring, in vivo electrophysiologic studies, Western blot analyses for total and phosphorylated c-Src and Cx43, immunohistochemistry staining for Cx43, and functional assessment of Cx43 with fluorescent dye diffusion were performed. RESULTS: The majority of the arrhythmic deaths resulted from ventricular tachycardia degenerating to ventricular fibrillation (83\%). Levels of total and phosphorylated c-Src were increased and Cx43 reduced in ACE8/8 mice. PP1 reduced total and phosphorylated c-Src levels, increased Cx43 level by 2.1-fold (p < 0.005), increased Cx43 at the gap junctions (immunostaining), improved gap junctional communication (dye spread), and reduced ventricular tachycardia inducibility and sudden cardiac death. The survival rate increased from 11\% to 86\% with 4 weeks of PP1 treatment (p < 0.005). Treatment with an inactive analog did not change survival or Cx43 levels. CONCLUSIONS: Renin-angiotensin system activation is associated with c-Src up-regulation, Cx43 loss, reduced myocyte coupling, and arrhythmic sudden death, which can be prevented by c-Src inhibition. This suggests that an increase in c-Src activity may help mediate renin-angiotensin system-induced arrhythmias and that c-Src inhibitors might exert antiarrhythmic activity. Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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