Author(s): Neftel KA, Hauser SP, Mller MR
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Abstract beta-Lactam antibiotics can induce severe neutropenia by a hitherto unknown mechanism. Fifty cases of beta-lactam antibiotic-induced neutropenia (less than 1,000 neutrophils/mm3) from 17 hospitals were analyzed and compared with 140 literature cases. The incidence of neutropenia was 5\%-greater than 15\% in patients treated for greater than or equal to 10 days with large doses of any beta-lactam antibiotic but less than 0.1\% with shorter duration of therapy. In greater than 95\% of cases recovery occurred between one to seven days after withdrawal of beta-lactam antibiotics. Bone marrow aspirates were characterized by a lack of well-differentiated myeloid elements in the presence of numerous immature granulocyte precursors. Nine penicillins and eight cephalosporins inhibited in vitro granulopoiesis in a dose-dependent manner. There was a good correlation between the inhibitory capacity of beta-lactam antibiotics in vitro and the doses inducing neutropenia in vivo. These observations may be relevant for therapy in the granulocytopenic patient.
This article was published in J Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy