Author(s): Mahony MC, Blackmore PF, Bronson RA, Alexander NJ
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Patient sera previously characterized as containing high levels of IgG and IgA antisperm antibodies that bound to the sperm surface, most specifically the head region, were evaluated for their effect on sperm-zona pellucida tight binding as assessed by the hemizona assay (HZA). Of the ten patient sera tested, 7 reduced zona binding by approximately half. Two of the most strongly inhibitory (greater than 70\% inhibition) were examined for their effect on the prefertilization maturation of sperm. The patient sera did not affect sperm motion characteristics, or development of hyperactivated motility. However, in the presence of these sera some impedance was noted in calcium uptake after stimulation with human follicular fluid and in the acrosome reaction after calcium ionophore induction. Whether these two sera specifically affect sperm-zona pellucida binding or non-specifically affect the normal progression of capacitation remains to be eludicated.
This article was published in J Reprod Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology