alexa Inhibition of JAK kinase activity enhances Fas-mediated apoptosis but reduces cytotoxic activity of topoisomerase II inhibitors in U266 myeloma cells.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Oshiro MM, Landowski TH, CatlettFalcone R, Hazlehurst LA, Huang M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Our previous work demonstrated that the Janus kinase (JAK)-Stat3 pathway regulates expression of Bcl-x(L) in the U266 human multiple myeloma cell line and prevents Fas-mediated apoptosis. Inhibition of this pathway by the JAK selective kinase inhibitor AG490 or dominant-negative Stat3 protein results in down-regulation of Bcl-x(L) expression and enhanced sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Because Bcl-x(L) has also been implicated in resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs, we investigated whether inhibition of the JAK-Stat3 pathway and subsequent reduction in Bcl-x(L) expression would also enhance cytotoxic drug activity. Contrary to this prediction, pretreatment of U266 myeloma cells with AG490, followed by exposure to topoisomerase II- inhibiting agents, antagonized drug-induced apoptosis. This effect correlated with reduced cyclin D1 expression and cell cycle arrest. The cell cycle arrest following AG490 pretreatment further correlated with reduced mitoxantrone-induced DNA double-strand breaks and reduced cell death, findings consistent with the critical requirement of DNA damage for drug cytotoxicity. These studies demonstrate that inhibition of the JAK-Stat3 pathway can result in paradoxical effects relative to cytotoxic drug response. These paradoxical responses may be explained by the findings that JAK-Stat3 signaling regulates the expression of multiple genes involved in controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis. Thus, understanding the cellular context of inhibiting signal transduction pathways is essential for the design of novel combination therapies for cancer.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 10th International Conference on Genomics and Molecular Biology
    May 21-23, 2018 Barcelona, Spain
  • 5th International Conference on Human Genetics and Genetic Disorders September 21-22,2018 Philadelphia, USA Theme: Sharing Discoveries of the Future Human Genome
    September 21-22,2018 Philadelphia, USA
  • 3rd World Congress on Human Genetics & Genetic Disorders
    October 20-21, 2017 Toronto, Canada

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords