Author(s): Benech RO, Kheadr EE, Laridi R, Lacroix C, Fliss I
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Abstract The effect of addition of purified nisin Z in liposomes to cheese milk and of in situ production of nisin Z by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis UL719 in the mixed starter on the inhibition of Listeria innocua in cheddar cheese was evaluated during 6 months of ripening. A cheese mixed starter culture containing Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis UL719 was selected for high-level nisin Z and acid production. Experimental cheddar cheeses were produced on a pilot scale, using the selected starter culture, from milk with added L. innocua (10(5) to 10(6) CFU/ml). Liposomes with purified nisin Z were prepared from proliposome H and added to cheese milk prior to renneting to give a final concentration of 300 IU/g of cheese. The nisin Z-producing strain and nisin Z-containing liposomes did not significantly affect cheese production and gross chemical composition of the cheeses. Immediately after cheese production, 3- and 1.5-log-unit reductions in viable counts of L. innocua were obtained in cheeses with encapsulated nisin and the nisinogenic starter, respectively. After 6 months, cheeses made with encapsulated nisin contained less than 10 CFU of L. innocua per g and 90\% of the initial nisin activity, compared with 10(4) CFU/g and only 12\% of initial activity in cheeses made with the nisinogenic starter. This study showed that encapsulation of nisin Z in liposomes can provide a powerful tool to improve nisin stability and inhibitory action in the cheese matrix while protecting the cheese starter from the detrimental action of nisin during cheese production.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology