Author(s): Elias CL, Lukas A, Shurraw S, Scott J, Omelchenko A,
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Abstract The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger plays a prominent role in regulating intracellular Ca2+ levels in cardiac myocytes and can serve as both a Ca2+ influx and efflux pathway. A novel inhibitor, KB-R7943, has been reported to selectively inhibit the reverse mode (i.e., Ca2+ entry) of Na+/Ca2+ exchange transport, although many aspects of its inhibitory properties remain controversial. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of KB-R7943 on Na+/Ca2+ exchange currents using the giant excised patch-clamp technique. Membrane patches were obtained from Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing the cloned cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger NCX1.1, and outward, inward, and combined inward-outward currents were studied. KB-R7943 preferentially inhibited outward (i.e., reverse) Na+/Ca2+ exchange currents. The inhibitory mechanism consists of direct effects on the transport machinery of the exchanger, with additional influences on ionic regulatory properties. Competitive interactions between KB-R7943 and the transported ions were not observed. The antiarrhythmic effects of KB-R7943 were then evaluated in an ischemia-reperfusion model of cardiac injury in Langendorff-perfused whole rabbit hearts using electrocardiography and measurements of left ventricular pressure. When 3 microM KB-R7943 was applied for 10 min before a 30-min global ischemic period, ventricular arrhythmias (tachycardia and fibrillation) associated with both ischemia and reperfusion were almost completely suppressed. The observed electrophysiological profile of KB-R7943 and its protective effects on ischemia-reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias support the notion of a prominent role of Ca2+ entry via reverse Na+/Ca2+ exchange in this process.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology