alexa Inhibition of p38 MAPK reduces expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in allergic airway disease.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Kim SR, Lee KS, Park SJ, Jeon MS, Lee YC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) appears to play an important role in various pathophysiological responses and has been suggested to be involved in many processes considered critical to the inflammatory response and tissue remodeling. Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway accompanied by increased vascular permeability. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent stimulator of bronchial inflammation, airway remodeling, and physiologic dysregulation that augments antigen sensitization and T-helper type 2 cell (Th2)-mediated inflammation in allergic airway diseases. However, there are little data on the relationship between p38 MAPK signaling and VEGF expression in allergic airway disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of p38 MAPK on the pathogenesis of allergic airway disease, more specifically in VEGF expression. METHODS: Using ovalbumin (OVA)-inhaled mice and a selective p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB 239063, the involvement of p38 MAPK in allergen-induced VEGF expression in the airway was evaluated. RESULTS: The increases of phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, VEGF protein expression, and vascular permeability in the lung after OVA inhalation were decreased substantially by the administration of SB 239063. In addition, SB 239063 significantly reduced the increase of Th2 cytokines and OVA-specific IgE. The inhibition of p38 MAPK or VEGF signaling prevented and also decreased the increases in the number of inflammatory cells and airway hyperresponsiveness in OVA-induced allergic airway disease. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that inhibition of p38 MAPK may attenuate allergen-induced airway inflammation and vascular leakage through modulation of VEGF expression in mice. This article was published in J Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version