alexa Inhibition of poliovirus type 1 infection by iron-, manganese- and zinc-saturated lactoferrin.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Marchetti M, Superti F, Ammendolia MG, Rossi P, Valenti P,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In this study we investigated the inhibitory activity of different milk proteins on poliovirus infection in Vero cells. Proteins analyzed were mucin, alpha-lactalbumin, beta-lactoglobulin, and bovine and human lactoferrin. Viral cytopathic effect was not prevented by mucin, alpha-lactalbumin or beta-lactoglobulin, whereas the lactoferrins tested were able to inhibit the replication of poliovirus in a dose-dependent manner. Further experiments were carried out in which apo- and native lactoferrin or lactoferrin fully saturated with ferric, manganese or zinc ions were added to the cells during different phases of viral infection. Results obtained demonstrated that all lactoferrins were able to prevent viral replication when present during the entire cycle of poliovirus infection or during the viral adsorption step. Only zinc lactoferrin strongly inhibited viral infection when incubated with the cells after the viral attachment, being the inhibition directly correlated with the degree of zinc saturation. Our results demonstrated that all lactoferrins interfered with an early phase of poliovirus infection; zinc lactoferrin was the sole compound capable of inhibiting a phase of infection subsequent to virus internalization into the host cells.
This article was published in Med Microbiol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version