Author(s): Streck EL, Zugno AI, Tagliari B, Franzon R, Wannmacher CM,
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Abstract The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of preincubation of hippocampus homogenates in the presence of homocysteine or methionine on Na+, K+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase activities in synaptic membranes of rats. Homocysteine significantly inhibited Na+, K+-ATPase activity, whereas methionine had no effect. Mg2+-ATPase activity was not altered by the metabolites. We also evaluated the effect of incubating glutathione, cysteine, dithiothreitol, trolox, superoxide dismutase and GM1 ganglioside alone or incubation with homocysteine on Na+, K+-ATPase activity. Tested compounds did not alter Na+, K+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase activities, but except for trolox, prevented the inhibitory effect of homocysteine on Na+, K+-ATPase activity. These results suggest that inhibition of this enzyme activity by homocysteine is possibly mediated by free radicals and may contribute to the neurological dysfunction found in homocystinuric patients.
This article was published in Neurochem Res
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism