alexa Inhibition of stimulated interleukin-2 production in whole blood: a practical measure of cyclosporine effect.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Stein CM, Murray JJ, Wood AJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Prediction of cyclosporine (CSA) efficacy and toxicity in individual patients is difficult. There is no practical, biologically relevant, pharmacodynamic measure of CSA effect. A major effect of CSA is to decrease interleukin-2 (IL-2) production; however, measurement of this effect in isolated lymphocytes as a marker of response to CSA has been problematic. METHODS: CSA inhibition of phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA)-stimulated IL-2 production, measured by ELISA, was studied ex vivo in whole blood drawn before, and after subjects received 4 mg/kg oral CSA. RESULTS: Four hours after CSA was administered, the mean (+/- SD) CSA concentration was 702 +/- 196 microg/L and PHA-stimulated IL-2 production decreased by 68.7\% +/- 17.2\% (P <0.0001; n = 17). Twenty-four hours after CSA was administered, concentrations were low (64 +/- 24 microg/L), with no inhibition of IL-2 production. A rapid, concentration-dependent response occurred. Maximum CSA concentrations (944 +/- 187 microg/L) and maximum inhibition of IL-2 production (86.9\% +/- 13.7\%) occurred 90 min after subjects received CSA. In vitro, 32.5-1200 microg/L CSA also inhibited PHA-stimulated IL-2 production in whole blood in a dose-dependent fashion with a similar IC(50) (approximately 300-400 microg/L) ex vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: In the search for a pharmacodynamic marker to better guide immunosuppressive therapy, the relationship between this simple, biologically relevant measure of CSA effect and clinical outcome should be determined.
This article was published in Clin Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords