Author(s): Nmeth ZH, Mabley JG, Deitch EA, Szab C, Hask G
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Abstract The amiloride-inhibitable Na(+)/H(+) antiporter plays an important role in macrophage activation. The intracellular pathways leading to interleukin (IL)-12 p40 production by activated macrophages are incompletely understood. In the present study, we examined the contribution of the Na(+)/H(+) antiporter to the production of IL-12 p40. Amiloride or its analogs decreased the production of IL-12 p40 in macrophages stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma. The order of potency of amiloride analogs was consistent with the proposition that the effect of amiloride is mediated by the inhibition of the Na(+)/H(+) antiporter. The effect of amiloride was post-transcriptional, as IL-12 p40 mRNA levels induced by lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma were not affected by this inhibitor. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of amiloride on IL-12 p40 production was not a result of interference with the activation of the p38 and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases or c-Jun kinase. In summary, the production of IL-12 p40 requires a functional Na(+)/H(+) antiporter.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination