Author(s): Gupte SA, Li KX, Okada T, Sato K, Oka M
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Abstract Cytosolic reducing cofactors, such as NADPH and NADH, are thought to regulate vascular smooth muscle ion channel activity and vascular tone. In this study, the effects of pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) inhibitors, 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN), epiandrosterone (EPI), and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), on vascular tone were studied in isolated perfused lungs and pulmonary artery (PA) and aortic rings from rats. In addition, effects of 6-AN on voltage-gated K(+) (K(v)) current in PA smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were also examined. Pretreatment of lungs with 6-AN and EPI reduced the pressor response to acute hypoxia and decreased tissue NADPH levels. 6-AN, EPI, and DHEA relaxed isolated PA and aortic rings precontracted with 30 mM KCl in a dose-dependent manner. The PPP inhibitor-induced PA relaxations were reduced in PA rings precontracted with 80 mM KCl but not by pretreatment with nitro-L-arginine or endothelial removal. Pretreatment of PA rings with tetraethylammonium chloride or 4-aminopyridine caused rightward shifts of concentration-relaxation curves for 6-AN, EPI, and DHEA. In contrast, glybenclamide, charybdotoxin, or apamin did not inhibit the relaxant effects of 6-AN, EPI, and DHEA. 6-AN caused an increase in K(v) current in PASMC. These results indicate that reduction of NADPH by the PPP inhibitors causes vasodilation at least partly through opening of K(v) channels.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science