Author(s): Herath HM, TakanoIshikawa Y, Yamaki K
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Certain naturally occurring flavonoids affect immunoregulatory activities in vitro and in vivo against cytokine production. Since tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is one of the major inflammatory cytokines, the effects of various dietary flavonoids on TNF-alpha production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated J774.1 cells were evaluated in vitro. Flavones, flavonols, and chalcone are the most potent inhibitors of production of TNF-alpha. Flavanone, naringenin, anthocyanidin, pelargodinin, and cyanidin exhibit moderate inhibitory activity. In contrast, genistein isoflavone displays weak inhibition, while eriodictyol flavanone is inactive. It is clear that the double bond between carbons 2 and 3 and the ketone group at position 4 of flavonoids are necessary for potent inhibitory effect. The difference in inhibitory action appears to depend on the categorized subclass of flavonoids.
This article was published in J Med Food
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences