Author(s): Han YS, Lee JE, Jung JW, Lee JS
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Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of bevacizumab (Avastin) on angiogenesis using cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro and on corneal neovascularization by subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab in vivo. METHODS: After the HUVECs were exposed to different concentrations of bevacizumab stimulated with VEGF (10 ng/ml) for 2, 6, and 24 hours, cellular-activity-like proliferation, migration and tube formation were assessed. Subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab (2.5 mg/0.1 ml) was performed after corneal chemical burn injury. Then the cornea was evaluated by biomicroscopy, fluorescein angiography, and light microscopy. RESULTS: The inhibitory effects of bevacizumab on VEGF-induced HUVECs proliferation showed a dose-dependent response for 2 and 6 hours, but all groups were effectively inhibited regardless of the concentration of bevacizumab for 24 hours. The inhibitory effects of bevacizumab on the migration of VEGF-induced HUVECs showed a time- and dose-dependent response. The inhibitory effects of bevacizumab on VEGF-induced HUVECs tube formation showed a dose-dependent response only for 24 hours. On days 3 and 8 after the subconjunctival injection, bevacizumab-treated eyes showed less neovascular growth than BSS-treated eyes in biomicroscopic, fluorescein angiographic, and light microscopic findings in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Bevacizumab effectively inhibits angiogenesis and corneal neovascularization, and could be used as a inhibitor of corneal neovascularization in the future.
This article was published in Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology