alexa In-hospital mortality rates and HIV: a medical ward review, Lilongwe, Malawi.
Mathematics

Mathematics

Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

Author(s): Akinkuotu A, Roemer E, Richardson A, Namarika DC, Munthali C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In order to determine inpatient hospital mortality rates, causes of mortality and characteristics of inpatients at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe, Malawi, we conducted a prospective observational study of all patients admitted to KCH medical ward from 20 September 2008 to April 2, 2009. All admission diagnoses, HIV status and antiretroviral therapy (ART) use were recorded. Patients' vital status was determined at discharge. A descriptive analysis and two logistic regression models were used for the analysis. Of the 1895 enrolled patients, the overall hospital mortality rate was 14.6\%, substantially higher among known HIV-infected patients (24.2\% versus 10.8\%, P = 0.0009) and men (17.1\% versus 12\%, P = 0.033). Patients with multiple diagnoses had significantly higher mortality (odds ratio [OR] 2.33; 95\% confidence interval [CI] 1.47, 3.71). Most patients (62.3\%) had unknown HIV status at admission. Among HIV-infected patients, ART use did not reduce hospital mortality or alter the spectrum of diseases. The majority of diagnoses were infectious (63.4\%). The high inpatient mortality rate, especially among HIV-infected patients combined with the limited spectrum of diagnoses, emphasizes the need for improved inpatient management and diagnostic services. Expansion of HIV testing is warranted. Despite the rollout of ART, there remains a significant need for treatment of HIV-infected individuals. This article was published in Int J STD AIDS and referenced in Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords